14. Great Possessing (dà yǒu). Great Possession
Material wealth is not more expensive than the treasures of the soul. Achieved is not limit. Wealth is given for the sake of doing good things. Possession itself makes no good.
Inital text of I Ching
Possession in Great Measure. Supreme success.
Fire in heaven above:
The image of Possession in Great Measure. Thus the superior man curbs evil and furthers good, and thereby obeys the benevolent will of heaven.
- No relationship with what is harmful; There is no blame in this. If one remains conscious of difficulty, one remains without blame.
- A big wagon for loading. One may undertake something. No blame.
- A prince offers it to the Son of Heaven. A petty man cannot do this.
- He makes a difference between himself and his neighbor. No blame.
- He whose truth is accessible, yet dignified, has good fortune.
- He is blessed by heaven. Good fortune. Nothing that does not further.
It's time to reap the fruits. The great is achieved with the help of like-minded people. Wild land is cultivated. Share the fruit with those who helped them grow - it's the natural order of things, no one can resist this. Do not make low bow and do not encroach on someone else’s, be generous. Beware of the temptation to become proud and desire to show your wealth to everybody. Be active in order to avoid stagnation in business, develop success, and make your wealth work for good.
The fire in heaven above shines far, and all things stand out in the light and
become manifest. The weak fifth line occupies the place of honor and all the
strong lines are in accord with it.
All things come to the man who is modest and kind in a high position.
The two trigrams indicate that strength and clarity unite. Possessions great
measure is determined by fate and accords with the time. How is it possible
that the weak line has power to hold the strong lines fast and to possess
them? It is done by virtue of unselfish modesty. The time is favorable--a
time of strength within, clarity and culture without. Power is expressing itself
in graceful and controlled way. This brings supreme success and wealth.
The sun in heaven above, shedding light over everything one earth, is the
image of possession on a grand scale. But a possession of this sort must be
administered properly. The sun brings both evil and good into the light of
day. Man must combat and curb the evil, and must favor and promote the
good. Only in this way does he fulfill the benevolent will of God, who desires
only good and not evil.
Great possession that is still in its beginnings and that has not yet been
challenged brings no blame, since there has been no opportunity to make
mistakes. Yet there are many difficulties to be overcome. It is only by
remaining conscious of theses difficulties that one can keep inwardly free of
possible arrogance and wastefulness, and thus in principle overcome all cause
Great possession consists not only in the quantity of goods at one's disposal,
but first and foremost, in their mobility and utility, for then they can be used
in undertakings, and we remain free of embarrassment and mistakes. The big
wagon, which will carry a heavy load and in which one can journey farm
means that there are at hand able helpers who give their support t and are
equal to their task. One can load great responsibility upon such persons, and
this is necessary in important undertakings.
A magnanimous, liberal-minded man should not regard what he possesses as
his exclusive personal property , but should place it at the disposal of the ruler
or of the people at large. In so doing, he takes the right attitude toward his
possession, which as private property can never endure. A petty man is
incapable of this. He is harmed by great possessions, because instead of
sacrificing them, he would keep them for himself.
This characterizes the position of a man placed among rich and powerful
neighbors. It is a dangerous position. He must look neither to the right nor
to the left, and must shun envy and the temptation to vie with others. In this
way he remains free of mistakes.
The situation is very favorable. People are being won not by coercion but by
unaffected sincerity, so that they are attached to us in sincerity and truth.
However, benevolence alone is not sufficient at the time of POSSESSION IN
GREAT MEASURE. For insolence might begin to spread. Insolence must be
kept in bounds by dignity; then good fortune is assured.
In the fullness of possession and at the height of power, one remains modest
and gives honor to the sage who stands outside the affairs of the world. By
this means one puts oneself under the beneficent influence descending form
heaven, and all goes well. Confucius says of this line:
To bless means to help. Heaven helps the man who is devoted; men help the
man who is true. He who walks in truth and is devoted in his thinking, and
furthermore reveres the worthy, is blessed by heaven. He has good fortune,
and there is nothing that would not further.
Barbara Hejslip interpretation
The sun shines brightly. It means, that you feel yourselves absolutely free. It is possible to tell, that you are rich - and is material, and spiritually. For success in affairs it is necessary to concentrate the will and desires that during the given period is necessary. Also do not overlook an overall objective, remember it though now all develops quite favorably for you. Do not spray itself!